15 Different Types Of Goat Breeds

There are several types of goats all over the world. We have listed the most common goat breeds that can be raised and generally focuses on improving production of fiber, meat, dairy products or goatskin.

DAIRY GOATS

 

1. Alpine

The Alpine is a medium to large sized breed of domestic goat known for its very good milking ability. They have no set colours or markings. They have horns, a straight profile and erect ears. The breed originated in the French Alps.

 

Alpine Goat

 

2. LaMANCHA

LaMancha have a Spanish origin but are easily found in US. They are medium in size and healthy, friendly and sturdy goats. They have the best dairy temperament and thus, provide rich dairy produce. Their milk contains about 4.2% of butterfat but they are also seasonal breeders. LaMancha has small tiny ears that are either gopher ears (sweet rolls) or elf ears (hooked ears).

 

LaMancha Goat

 

3. NIGERIAN DWARFS

The Nigerian goats, as the name suggests, originated from Africa. They are tiny, small goats best for dairy produce. Although they are very small but can give up to 3-4 pounds of milk per day. They are regarded to be best dairy goats as their milk contains about 6.1% butterfat. However, Nigerian dwarfs are difficult to milk but they can be raised all year round. These goats also come in variety of colors and patterns.

 

Nigerian Dwarf Goat

 

4. Nubian

Nubians also known as Anglo-Nubian are big, graceful goats. They are proud of their body structure as they have long, pendulum-like ears and Roman nose. They are a cross breed of African and Indian bucks and were raised in England. Although, they are large in size but are not heavy producers. Their milk approximately contains 4.6% of butterfat. They are considered seasonal breeders but they can even be raised all year round. They enjoy interacting with humans and are friendly and outgoing. They are also vocal!

 

Anglo-Nubian Goat

 

5. Oberhasli

They are also known as “Swiss Alpine” having a medium sized built. They are in bay color with clear black spotting all over the body. Their milk contains 3.6 – 4% of butterfat and cannot be raised all year round. Their docile, quiet temperaments and medium size make them a wonderful breed for the farm dairy and for showing. With their striking looks, they also have plenty of appeal as lovely pets and bramble mowers. Powerful rear legs help the Oberhasli excel as a pack goat, with the proper training.

 

Oberhasli Goat

 

6. Saanen

Saanen Goats are a white or cream-colored breed of goat, named for the Saanen valley in Switzerland. By the late 19th century they had spread across Europe. They are large, white goats with upright ears and originally grown in Switzerland. Saanen goats are heavy producers but their milk is low in butterfat as compared to other dairy goats.

 

Saanen Goat

 

7. toggenburg

They are the oldest breed of dairy goats having medium-sized body. They come in various colors ranging from fawn to dark chocolate brown with white marks on the body. They are commonly raised for producing milk which is usually used to make cheese. However, their milk contains only 3.3% of butterfat. Its color is solid and varies from light fawn to dark chocolate with distinctive white markings. There is no preference on color shades.

 

Toggenburg Goat

 

MEAT GOATS

 

1. BOER

They are South African based goats with long, hanging ears and Roman nose. They have white body with colored head and backward curved horns. However, they have a gentle built but are strong and vigorous. They mostly breed in September and end in January.

 

Boer Goat

 

2. KIKO

Kikos were first grown in New Zealand. Keeping goats is tricky but Kiko are hassle-free as they can easily be raised even in harsh weather conditions. They are heavy producers and that is why named kiko, which means meat. They can also be grown all year. Kiko is actually the Māori word for flesh or meat. They were developed for fast growth, survivability with little input from the producer and their hardiness.

Kiko Goats

 

3. SPANISH MEAT GOAT

Also known as Brush goats, they were introduced in America by Europeans. They are short but have a strong built. These meat goats are available in various colors and can be grown in any month of the year.

 

Spanish Goat

4. TENNESSEE fainting goats

These goats have various names due to their unique characteristics. The most popular ones are fainting or nervous goats named after their genetic imbalance. Fainting goats are more properly called Myotonic goats. The breed is best known because its muscles momentarily freeze for several seconds when the goat feels frightened. Nevertheless, they not only provide generous amount of meat but also fleece.

 

Tennesee Fainting Goat

 

OTHER TYPES

 

1. Angora

Angoras are raised for their thick fleece. They are medium sized goats having long thick coat also known as mohair. They have a Turkish background.

 

Angora Goats

 

2. Pygora

The are the result of breeding a pygmy goat and an angora goat. It is a cross breed of Pygmy and Angora raised to produce fine fiber. Pygoras have three different kinds of fleece categorized according to their characteristics.

 

Type A: The fleece is Angora dominant having almost 6 inch of fiber. The fiber of the fleece is lustrous and mohair.

Type B: It is a blend of Pygmy and Angora which gives fleece both kinds of fiber; cashmere and mohair. The fiber is slightly curled and 3-6 inch long

Type C: The fleece is Pygmy dominated which makes fleece cashmere type. The fleece is dull, matted and is 1-3 inch long.

Usually pygoras produce up to 6 pounds of fleece per shear and they can be shorn twice a year.

 

Pygora Goat

 

3. Kinder

Kinder are dual-purpose goats bred in US for both milk and meat. They come in variety of colors and patterns and can be bred anytime in the year.

 

Kinder Goats

 

4. Pygmy

They are of African origination having a small body structure. Nowadays, people are usually raising pygmy goats for meat but they are basically bred as pets. They can be raised all year round.

They are the oldest breed of dairy goats having medium-sized body. They come in various colors ranging from fawn to dark chocolate brown with white marks on the body. They are commonly raised for producing milk which is usually used to make cheese. However, their milk contains only 3.3% of butterfat.

 

Pygmy Goats

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